Sasha Toperich and Aylin Ünver Noi, Editors



Turkey’s place in the NATO alliance and Western institutions dates back to the years following World War II, when in 1947 President Harry S. Truman announced that the United states would provide political, military, and economic assistance to all democratic nations under threat from external or internal authoritarian forces. Truman’s doctrine informed U.S. Marshall Plan support for Turkey and facilitated Turkey’s membership in most Western institutions formed over the course of the Cold War, including the OECD, NATO, the Council of europe and the OSCE. Turkey also developed its relations with the member states of the European Union, building a Customs Union and launching its candidacy for membership.

Today, many foundational elements linking Turkey to its Western allies and partners are being questioned. Dynamics across Turkey’s neighborhood— including the rise and fall of the co-called Islamic State, waves of migrants, or Russia’s efforts to project power and influence—are generating new uncertainties and tensions with regard to Turkey’s role, its relationships and allegiances. With these challenges in mind, we asked a number of eminent authors to address a broad set of issues related to Turkey and its role in transatlantic relations, ranging from historical and institutional relations to Turkey’s multi-vector foreign policy and its impact on contemporary relations across the North Atlantic. The result is this comprehensive volume. Many propose creative ways to rebuild and strengthen the alliance between Turkey and its transatlantic partners. At this time of fundamental and often disorienting changes, their ideas add value to our debates.

Click the links below to access the chapters.


Chapter 1: Relations between Turkey and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

Chapter 2: Turkey and the Council of Europe

Chapter 3: Turkey and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization

Chapter 4: Relations between Turkey and the European Economic Community: An Association with a Full Membership Objective

Chapter 5: Turkey and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe

Chapter 6: Turkey’s Relations with its Transatlantic Partners: the U.S. and the EU

Chapter 7: Turkey and the European Union: Neither a Marriage nor a Separation on the Horizon

Chapter 8: Turkey and its Transatlantic Partners in the Wider Black Sea Region: The Turkish Perspective

Chapter 9: Turkey’s Policy in the Black Sea Region: Oscillating between Pragmatism and Opportunism

Chapter 10: Turkey and its Transatlantic Partners in the Wider Mediterranean: The European Perspective

Chapter 11: Turkey and the Western Balkans: Stable Relations and Deepening Cooperation

Chapter 12: Turkey in the Western Balkans: A Waning Interest

Chapter 13: The Transatlantic Dimension of Turkey’s Strategic Rapprochement with Russia: The Turkish Perspective

Chapter 14: The Repercussions of the Ankara-Moscow Rapprochement on Turkey’s Transatlantic Relations: The American Perspective

Chapter 15: Turkey’s Relations with China and its Repercussions on Transatlantic Relations: The Turkish Perspective

Chapter 16: The Repercussions of Turkey-China Relations on Turkey’s Transatlantic Relations: The American Perspective

Chapter 17: Assessing the Possibility of a Modernized EU-Turkey Customs Union with a View to the TTIP Process

Chapter 18: Strengthening U.S.-Turkish Trade and Investment Relations: Realistic Recommendations Toward Building “Complex Interdependence”

Chapter 19: Commercial Relations Present Landmark Opportunity for U.S. President Trump and Turkish President Erdoğan

Chapter 20: Assessing the Future of the Migration Deal and Visa-Free Travel

Chapter 21: Cooperation on Energy Security: The Turkish Perspective

Chapter 22: Cooperation on Energy Security: The European Perspective

Chapter 23: Cooperation or Confrontation in the Fight against Terrorism: Turkey and the Transatlantic Alliance

Chapter 24: About the Authors

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